Monitoring of the biodiversity performed in the project indicates that the results found for fauna in the areas of sustainable forest management are similar to those of the primary (virgin) forests
Designed to generate positive impacts to the climate, community and biodiversity, the activities of the REDD+ projects are constantly monitored, so that they may be enhanced and to prevent them from having the inverse effect. It was in 2019 the time to assess the biodiversity monitoring results in the zone of the Jari Amapá REDD+ project.
Sustainable forest management is a productive activity that involves rational exploration of the forest, with the intention of generating economic and social benefits with the least environmental impact, so that the forest may be recovered after exploration and may continue to provide ecosystem services. In face of this, one of the main results obtained in the study refers to conservation of the fauna, which is essential for maintenance and functionality of the forest. Data showed that the managed forests, due to good practices used, maintained a diversity of birds similar to that of the primary forest, with differences only in the abundance of some species.
Good results were also obtained for large and medium-sized mammals, regardless of whether the richness of the species may have been greater in primary forest areas. Based on the records, forest management did not affect the composition and the relative abundance of most of the species, even though the fauna community is well established, since the food chain’s top carnivores, such as the jaguar and the ocelot, were observed. Moreover, potential seed dispensing species were found, which are essential in ecological and recovery processes of the forest.
The existence of primary forests associated to forest management areas showed to be an excellent arrangement for maintenance of biodiversity of fauna, mainly for species barely tolerant to human presence or to forest disturbance. Likewise, the similarities found between the native and managed forests indicate that the management protocols have been efficient and comply with the main role of contributing with the region’s sustainable development and of preserving the local biodiversity.
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